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Germany

Germany


 
General Information
With its capital Berlin and a population of approximately 82 million, Germany is one of the most important economic powers in the world, although it is known all over the world for its giant industry. It is among the countries that should be seen with different historical structures in terms of touristic. In Germany, where the young population is in the minority, the official language is German, while the Euro is used as the currency. Turkey 3 hours away by plane. Turkey according to the local time clock back 1 hour. Germany is among the countries that require a visa, you must have made your visa application and received a visa to Germany before you go.
Location
Located in the middle of Europe, the Federal Republic of Germany is neighbors with Denmark in the north, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the west, Switzerland and Austria in the south, the Czech Republic and Poland in the east.
Most Visited Cities
Berlin, Cologne, Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart, Hamburg…
Climate / Weather
Germany's climate is similar to Turkey's continental climate. Summers are humid in the inner regions but cool in places, but in winter the weather is cold in seasonal normals. There is no extreme change in seasons, that is, sudden frost or sudden temperature increase. This is why you need to bring clothing according to the season you will go to.


When to Go?
The best months for a trip in Germany are spring and summer, as it is generally cool and rainy.
Country Cuisine / What to Eat What to Drink?
German cuisine varies according to regions. Types of dishes made with pork, beef and poultry are the leading dishes consumed here. The most consumed vegetables include potatoes, cabbage, carrots, turnip, spinach and beans. Cereal foods, honey or bread with jam are also the main breakfast meals of the German people.
Germany, whose real name is the Federal Republic of Germany, is the second most preferred immigration destination in the world after the USA. Continuing its existence in Western Europe as different kingdoms with its long and deep-rooted history, Germany established its national unity in 1871. Germany, which has made great contributions to European culture especially in the field of music and philosophy, stands out as the most important component of the Turks, after the Germans, with the guest worker practice it carried out throughout the 70's.
Composed of 16 federal components, Germany's largest city and capital is Berlin. Spreading over West and Central Europe, Germany borders Denmark in the north, Poland and Czechia in the east, Austria in the southeast, Switzerland in the southwest, France, Luxembourg and Belgium in the west, and the Netherlands in the northwest. In the country where the official language is German, English, Russian and French are quite common as foreign languages.
Germany, an important component of the Holy Roman Empire, became the center of the Reformation in the 16th century. With the rise of Pan-Germanism, nationalist sentiments dominated the masses and in 1871 established the German Empire by unity. The Federal Republic of Germany was established in 1990 with the unification of both sides in the country, which was divided into two as East and West after the Second World War.

Climate of Germany
In Germany, where the humid climate prevails in most regions, the humid West winds and Gulf Stream currents soften the climate a little more. Winters are cold and humid, and summers are warm in the country, which receives precipitation almost every season. In the eastern regions of Germany, all the effects of the continental climate are seen.
German Economy and Culture
Being the fourth largest economy in the world in terms of gross domestic product per capita, Germany is the world's third largest importer and exporter. Germany, which is among the most developed countries with its high living standards, has a high-tech industry, social security and national health system.
Germans who attach great importance to environmental protection, order, privacy and punctuality draw attention with their perfectionist social structure. Hosting more than 10 thousand festivals celebrating film, music, art and religious days, Germany also stands out with its sectoral fairs.


Three Important Cities of Germany
Berlin
It is the capital and largest city of Germany. 3.5 million people live in the city, 70 km from the Polish border. It is located on the glacial valley of the Spree River, which passes through the middle of Berlin city center, where the influence of the Atlantic Ocean decreases and the land climate begins. Therefore, the air is cold and slightly humid, on the other hand, it is cleaner than other industrial cities. Alongside its wide streets, manicured squares and magnificent stone buildings, Berlin is a city with enough greenery to balance the appearance of stone apartments. Berlin owes this greenery to the Spree River, canals, and lakes to the east and west.
In addition to traditional economic activities such as textiles, metals, clothing, machinery and porcelain, the electronics industry is also of great importance in Berlin. In addition, cigarette and clothing production has also developed. The world-renowned "wall of shame", on the other hand, was demolished in 1990 with the unification of Germany.
Hamburg
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, forming a state on its own. While Europe's second largest port after Rotterdam is located in this city, we can say that Germany's gateway to the outside world. The city is the largest industrial city in Northern Germany in terms of commercial and service sectors. Many comprehensive productions on aircraft production and aviation industry take place in Hamburg. Chemical, machinery, shipbuilding and banking sectors are also important data regarding Hamburg and Germany industry. The port of Hamburg, its canals and the Alster river attract great attention from visitors to the city, while a beautiful maritime climate is one of the city's most distinctive features. Luxury cruise ships, giant container ships and carefully restored museum ships on the beach, docks and piers transform Hamburg's international port into a meaningful shape. Hamburg, a city over 1200 years old, is also almost the only city with the liveliest nightlife in Germany.

Munich
It is the richest and well-kept city of Europe. Munich is the capital of the state of Bavaria. German beer, German sausage, Alps, stylish streets, luxury cars, dazzling buildings are all about Munich. Munich also hosts the Oktoberfest, the world-famous German cultural organization. It is Germany's third largest city, in many respects it has the potential to surpass Berlin and Hamburg. It is a very expensive and luxurious city while watching a cruise with a much higher quality of life than these two cities. In addition, world-famous works, among which Leonardo da Vinci's works, can be seen in museums in Munich. The city, which has hosted many artists and writers, now has centers of world famous brands such as BMW or Siemens.
Management Type
The Federal Republic of Germany has been a democratic, parliamentary federal state since 1949. Germany, which was reunited in 1990, has 16 states and 81 cities with a population of over 100 thousand.
Area
Germany is a state in Central Europe that lies between the North Sea and the Alps. Its surface area is 357,022 square kilometers.
City, state
With a population of 3.4 million, Berlin is Germany's largest city and its capital. Other cities with a population of millions are Hamburg (1.8 million) and Munich (1.3 million).
Demography
With a population of over 80 million, Germany is the second most populous country in Europe, after Russia. Immigrants make up about 7.7 percent of the population.
Foreign language
The official language of the country is German, as well as Turkish, Kurdish, Polish and Russian. 67 percent of the country's population can speak a foreign language.
Religion
The most common religion in the country is Christianity with 66.8 percent. (30.8 percent Catholic, 30 percent Protestant) 32-35 percent of the population stated that they do not believe in a religion. Islam is the country's second largest religion.


Historical
After the Second World War, Germany was divided into occupation zones created and controlled by the Allies. On May 23, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was established by combining the French, British and American occupation zones. On October 7, 1949, the German Democratic Republic, also known as East Germany, was established under Soviet occupation. On October 3, 1990, these two states united to form the present-day Federal Republic of Germany.

Geography
Located in Central Europe, Germany borders Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Austria and Switzerland in the south, and Faransa and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands in the west.
Zugspitze is the highest point in the country on the Alps in the South. (2,962 meters). Baltic Sea and North Sea coasts are located in the north. The central part of the country is forested and the north is plains. The Rhine, Danube and Elbe are the largest rivers in the country. In Germany, there are natural resources such as iron, coal, potassium, uranium, copper, natural gas and nickel.
German Economy
Germany is today the fourth largest national economy after the USA, Japan and China. So much so that it is the second most exporting country in the world after China. More than 1 out of every 4 euros earned in the country, which is an export champion, comes from exports, and more than 1 out of every 5 business opportunities comes directly or indirectly from foreign trade. Having such a trade volume, Germany is the lifeblood of the European Union.
science and technology
Germany's success in the field of science and technology has brought the country's economy to an advanced level. Many branches have come to the fore in science disciplines, especially in the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry and engineering; Scientific research in the country; supported by industry and universities, and private research institutes such as the Max Planck Community. Germany has been home to some of the most outstanding research in various scientific fields throughout the past.
The Nobel Prize has been received by 101 Germans to date.
Climate
Germany is located in the temperate climate zone of Central Europe. Due to its geographical location, four different seasons can be experienced in Germany: Autumn, winter, spring and summer. The differences between the seasons exist in terms of both temperature and humidity. Although there is a lot of rain in June, the possibility of snow is high in January and February.
Weather conditions and clothing
Weather conditions in Germany can be variable. For this reason, please bring rain clothes and sturdy shoes with you in all seasons. Wind and rain proof clothes are recommended for the winter months. A thick coat, scarf, beanie and gloves are required. There are heating systems in all buildings and houses. Although air conditioners are not very common, they are normally unnecessary.


Completing its national union in 1871, Germany welcomes many tourists every year with its 16 federal sub-regions. You can experience a cultural and historical tour by flying to a modern country that has made great contributions to European civilization in the fields of arts such as music, theater and philosophy. Let's go into details on our list of places to visit in Germany ...

Berlin
Attracting attention with its historical texture, colorful nightlife, narrow streets and artistic activities, the capital Berlin is at the top of the list of places to visit in Germany. In the very center of the city, Potsdamer Square, which became important after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, draws attention. In the square, which reflects the bohemian spirit of Europe, you can either visit the shopping centers or take a walk in the colorful streets. You can witness historical moments by visiting architectural works such as the Berliner Dom, Brandenburg Gate, Gendarmenmarkt, Bellevue Palace, Olympiastadion and Charlottenburg Palace.
Munich
Hosting about 1.5 million people, Munich is known as the capital of the state of Bavaria. The BMW Museum, Munich Residenz, Frauenkirche and Nymphenburg Palace, Theatinerkirche and the English Garden represent the main attractions of the city. Held in early October, the festival is popular with millions of people every year. Crowded at all hours of the day, Marienplatz Street has preserved its importance as the city's main square since 1158. Mariensaule, St. Peter's Church and Neues Rathaus are among the other structures you can come across in the region.
Frankfurt
Frankfurt, the commercially developed city of Germany; It manages to impress its visitors in terms of cultural tourism with its art museums, galleries, unique historical buildings and fair organizations full of fun. In the city, which has a population of more than 690,000 and is surrounded by the Main River, it is possible to see classical-modern buildings together. The Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt Cathedral, St Paul's Church and Goethe's House are the historical points to be seen. Palmengarten and Frankfurt Zoological Garden attract nature lovers with their lush green texture.
 Hamburg
Standing out with its 1200-year long history, Hamburg is called the "Gate to the World" thanks to its nearly 100 consulates. Natural lakes, natural parks and bridges occupy a large area in the city, which is established between the Alster and Elbe rivers. In the city, which is the largest container port in the world, you can start your trip from Rathausmarkt street and visit Hamburg City Hall in the region. Then, according to the duration of your holiday, you can add important routes such as the International Maritime Museum, Hamburg Museum, Saint Nikolai Church, Elbphilharmonie and Kunsthalle Hamburg to your trip list.
Cologne
Cologne, the fourth largest city in Germany, is located within the borders of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. It displays a unique city structure with its sportive activities, festivals, local beers, museums and chocolates. On the streets of the city, which was founded by the Romans in 38 BC, you will find many historical buildings from medieval churches to post-modern buildings. Gross St. You can make your Cologne trip more cultural with Martin, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Ludwig Museum, Römisch-Germanisches Museum, Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) and Chocolate Museum. If you wish, you can watch the city view on the Hohenzollern Bridge or do pleasant shopping on Hohe Street.
Heidelberg
Divided into two by the Neckar River and reminiscent of postcard beauty, Heidelberg is a friendly city built around southwest Germany. The historical extension of the city, which is 15 minutes away from Mannheim, dates back to the Roman Empire times. Heidelberg University, which has gained importance as the oldest university in Germany, rises in the center of the mountainous city. The Palace, which houses the German Pharmacy Museum, the Botanical Garden, Haus zum Ritter, Friedrich Ebert's house and the Kurpfälzisches Museum are some of the important works that bring touristic attraction to the region.

Bremen

Located about 60 km from the North Sea, Bremen is a cultural port city. The first settlements of the city, which has been able to bring its original architecture to the present day, started in the Charlemagne period, which included the 8th century. The city, which offers richness in terms of history, architecture and art, gains importance as the birthplace of the world-famous coffee company Jacobs and Becks, one of the leading brands in beer. The Roland Statue, Marktplatz, Bremen Town Musicians Statue, Übersee-Museum Bremen, Schlachte, Kaffeemühle (Mühle Am Wall) symbolize the main historical and natural beauties of the region.


Stuttgart
Being the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart is one of the metropolitan cities located close to the Neckar River and the Black Forests. The Solitude Castle, the Art Museum, the Porshe Museum, the Johanneskirche Church, the Wilhelma Zoo and the Botanical Garden reveal the tourist routes that should be visited. Especially the 10th century Altes Schloss (Old Castle) is described as the most important historical symbol of the region. Nowadays, when you come to the "State Museum", which is used with matches, you can also come across a rich collection that includes many different artifacts from Celtic jewelery to pottery.
Dresden
Situated in the heart of Saxony, Dresden is known as the "jewel box" thanks to its rococo and baroque architectural works. The modern city, whose history goes back to the 7500s BC, offers a magnificent view of the city to its guests with its palaces, churches and domes on the Elbe River. Prager Straße, Green Vault (Grünes Gewölbe), Kunsthofpassage, Fürstenzug (Procession of Princes), Brühl's Terrace and Semperoper are among the most important architectural works of the city that have survived from the past. However, there are 2 other magnificent works in the region, whose designs were initiated during the period of Augustus the Strong. These two works, Zwinger, which continues its activities as exhibition-festival areas, and Frauenkirche, the symbol of peace, shed light on the historical past of the city.

Dusseldorf
One of Europe's important business and financial centers, Düsseldorf is the 7th most populous city in the country. The modern city that passed to the West Germany part after the 2nd World War; The fair welcomes visitors from all over the world every year thanks to the fashion and festival weeks. When you come to the city, which has made a name in every field from entertainment to art, from shopping to eating and drinking, you can take a walk on the banks of the Rhine River and sip your hot coffee by entering one of the luxurious cafes in the Altstandt square. During the daytime, you can visit historical buildings such as Benrath Palace, Rhine Tower, Westphalian Parliament Building, which form a complex structure with the Natural History Museum and the European Garden Art Museum.


Hannover
Located on the Leine River, Hannover leaves tourists with a colorful city view thanks to its large green areas and parks. The fine detail of the city, which entered a period of rapid industrialization in the 19th century with its important railways and agricultural riches, is that it is called an exhibition center. In the city where Expo 2000 was held, many more fair organizations such as Cebit informatics are held every year. When you come to the region for sightseeing, you can have fun by participating in fair events. You should also visit important tourist attractions such as the Sprengel Museum, Nanas, Marine Life Aquarium, Lister Tower and Marienburg Castle.
Dortmund
Dortmund, Germany's most important iron and steel industrial region; It continues to gain importance day by day with its history, art, greenery and technological developments. In the streets of the metropolitan city in the Ruhr region in the western part of the country, you can come across street performances at any time. You can have a pleasant time by providing transportation to Mesum Für Kunst & Kulturgeschicht and Hoesch Museum.You can go to Dortmunt Zoo with your loved ones or your children to meet the natural beauty of the city, which is among the places to visit in Germany.
 Leipzig
Leipzig, located at the intersection of the Weisse, Parthe and Elster rivers; It reflects Germany's culture very well thanks to its art festivals, museums, social life and architecture. There are many historical and cultural works in the city, which is the hometown of Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the pioneers of classical music. Bach Museum and St. Thomas Church sets an example for these architectural works. You can add this small but important city of the country to your list of places to visit in Germany.

Fussen
The city of Füssen, which is a part of the Bavarian State of the country, impresses with its fairytale-like castles and unique natural scenery. You can choose the city, which is one of the last routes of the Romantic Road, to relax and find peace in the oxygen-rich air. By purchasing your ticket, you can first visit the magnificent castles Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau. Then, you can go to Lake Forggensee, visible through the trees, and take panoramic photos with your friends.
Bonn
Being the oldest settlement in the country with its 2000-year history, Bonn lies on both sides of the Rhine Valley. The city, which you can see in the list of places to visit in Germany, was rebuilt by Julianus initiatives after the Germans were destroyed. In the region, the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven, emphasis is placed on Roman history in every cultural element, from architecture to art. Godesburg Castle, Kurfürsten Palace, Kurpark, Arithmeum Mathematical Museum, Beethovehaus, Hofgartenwiese Park and Loreley Castle also reveal the city's touristic texture.